Aligning Frameworks of Reference in Language Testing presents the first truly collaborative work by key researchers and scholars from both sides of the Atlantic working within and across the ACTFL Proficiency Framework and the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)—the two most important frameworks for language learning, teaching, and assessment in the world today. This volume presents original research and discussion by leading experts in the field focusing on correspondences from an assessment perspective. It provides an inside view of the genesis and present status of both frameworks as well as an authoritative discussion of the fundamental issues involved in attempting a crosswalk between frameworks in language assessment. Essential reading for students, researchers and practitioners in applied linguistics, assessment, teacher education, and language policy. Edited by Erwin Tschirner.